Deutsch Magyar


Farkas Kempelen's talking machine, ca. 1790

The apparatus con­sists of a small wooden chest, with a pair of bellows, or “lungs,” inside, and a rubber funnel, or “the mouth.” When one moved the bellows with ones elbow, air was pumped into the “wind box” (a term used in organ building), and this volume of air was than released through valves ope­rated by keys. The operator would put both hands through the outer shell, which was to protect the apparatus from dust. Moving the lever of the wind box and the valves with one's right hand, one held in one's left hand the soft funnel, which gave out the “voice.”

Collection of Deutsches Museum, Munich

Photo: Deutsches Museum